Non-canonical text known as the Gospel of Thomas
There is no canonical Gospel attributed directly to Thomas among the books included in the New Testament. However, there is a non-canonical text known as the Gospel of Thomas, which is believed to have been written in the 2nd century CE. The Gospel of Thomas is a collection of sayings attributed to Jesus, and it includes neither a narrative nor an account of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection.
The Gospel of Thomas consists of 114 logia, or sayings, attributed to Jesus, often presented in a poetic or cryptic style. These sayings are primarily focused on spiritual wisdom, self-discovery, and the hidden truths of the kingdom of God. Some of the sayings in the Gospel of Thomas have parallels in the canonical Gospels, while others are unique to this text.
Scholars have debated the origin, authorship, and theological significance of the Gospel of Thomas. It is considered part of the collection of texts known as the Nag Hammadi Library, which was discovered in Egypt in 1945. The Gospel of Thomas offers insights into early Christian beliefs and alternative understandings of Jesus’ teachings. It has garnered interest among scholars and those seeking a broader understanding of the diverse early Christian movement.
It is important to note that the Gospel of Thomas is not included in the canon of Scripture recognized by mainstream Christian denominations. Its status and authority within Christian theology are a subject of debate and vary among different scholarly and religious perspectives.